Politics of Liechtenstein

With regard to political and civil freedoms, Liechtenstein is 1. Citizens in Liechtenstein experience total freedom. The majority of countries in which citizens enjoy expansive civil liberties and political freedoms are representative democracies,

In Liechtenstein, the form of government is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. In Liechtenstein, legislative power lies with the Landtag. The head of government is Hans-Adam II. A country's governmental structure determines the way laws are written, approved and interpreted. The type of government determines the manner in which elections are held as well as the country's system of policing its citizens. The term of office of the head of state in Liechtenstein lasts until the next successor. The length of a head of state's tenure directly affects the power and influence of the executive branch. A longer term gives the head of state more authority.

Government
The head of government in Liechtenstein is Hans-Adam II. Liechtenstein's system of government is a uniform parliamentary constitutional monarchy. In Liechtenstein, legislative power lies with the Landtag; this is a unicameral legislature and therefore a unicameral diet. According to the World Bank Group, Liechtenstein's Government Effectiveness Index is 1.68. This shows that the Liechtenstein government is very effective. Citizens enjoy highly effective social, public and public services and general morale in Liechtenstein is high. State action is efficient and swift, making dangerous situations highly unlikely.

Membership in international associations
Whether it is a confederation, registered union, federal union or supranational body, here is the list of unions of which the country is a member. Liechtenstein is a member of several trade unions. They are Schengen Area, United Nations, World Trade Organization.

Schengen area
Liechtenstein is a member of the Schengen area. On December 19, 2011, it was admitted to the Schengen area. The Schengen Agreement is a treaty that led to the creation of the borderless Schengen area in Europe. It entitles every EU citizen to travel, work and live in any EU country without any special formalities. It was signed on June 14, 1985 by five of the ten member states of what was then the European Economic Community near the city of Schengen, Luxembourg. Schengen cooperation improves the free movement of people by allowing more than 400 million EU citizens to cross internal borders without being subjected to border controls.

United Nations
Liechtenstein is a member of the United Nations. On September 18, 1990, it acceded to the United Nations as a full member state on its founding date. Founded in 1945, the United Nations is an intergovernmental organization promoting international cooperation. The work of the United Nations is guided by the principles contained in its founding charter. It currently consists of 193 member states. The United Nations headquarters are in Manhattan, New York City, with other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna. Its aims include maintaining world peace and security, promoting human rights, promoting social and economic development, protecting the environment and providing assistance.

World Trade Organization
Liechtenstein is a member of the World Trade Organization. On September 1, 1995, it joined the WTO as a member. The World Trade Organization is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade. At the core are the WTO agreements ratified by the national parliaments. It is the only global international organization concerned with the rules of trade between nations. The aim is to support producers of goods and services, exporters and importers in conducting their business. The WTO deals with regulating trade between participating countries by providing a framework for negotiating trade agreements and a dispute settlement process aimed at enforcing compliance by participants.