Children's eyesight problems at school-age
As children develop throughout their education, they face increasing demands on their visual abilities. The print size in textbooks is reduced and the time spent reading and studying is significantly increased. Increasing workload and schoolwork place significant demands on the eyes of children and children depend on their concentration to function properly so that they can learn and excel effectively.
Visual skills required for school
Vision is more than just being able to see clearly or having 20/20 vision, the ability to understand and respond to what is seen. Many basic visual skills are not clearly visible and that is important in contributing to academic success.
All children should have the following visual skills for effective reading and learning:
- Possibility of visualizing the visual acuity-board at a distance, at an intermediate distance for the computer, and close to reading the book.
- Ability to quickly and accurately maintain clear vision when moving away from eye focus objects, while looking at the desk and the paper on the back of the whiteboard. Focusing on the eye allows the child to easily maintain clear vision over time while reading a book or writing a report.
- I-tracking one The ability to target the eyes when looking from one object to another, moving across the printed page, or following a moving object, such as a thrown ball.
- Visual equipment: the ability to coordinate and use both eyes when moving the eyes across the printed page, and the ability to determine distances and see depth for classwork and sports.
- Eye-hand coordination: the ability to use visual information to monitor and direct the hands when drawing or attempting to hit a ball.
- Organize pictures on a printed page by the visual perception in letters, words, and ideas and understand and remember what is being read.
Other visual perception skills:
- Identity: ability to differentiate letters like "b" and "d".
- Comprehension: the "picture" in the child's mind of what is happening in the story he is reading.
- Retention We remember and remember the details we read.
Whether any of these visual skills are working properly or not, the child will have to struggle to learn effectively. Students struggling with a learning-related vision problem may experience headaches, blurred vision, and fatigue. Parents and teachers should be on the lookout for symptoms that indicate a child has a vision problem.
Signs of eye and vision problems.
When certain visual skills are not developed or are not developed properly, learning can be difficult and stressful. A child may not tell you that they have a vision problem because they may think that the way they see is the way everyone sees. Children often try to work, but with a low level of understanding or skill.
Signs that a child has a vision problem:
- Complaints of malaise and fatigue.
- Frequent eye or blink massage.
- A little attention.
- Avoid reading and other intimate activities.
- Frequent headaches
- Cover one eye.
- Turning your head to the side.
- Holding the reading material close to the face.
- One eye turns inward or outward.
- Double look.
- You lose place while you read.
- Difficulty remembering what you have read.
Undiagnosed and untreated vision problems indicate some of the signs and symptoms commonly attributed to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), such as hyperactivity and distractibility. Because of these similarities, children who detect these symptoms should undergo a comprehensive eye exam with their optometric doctor to avoid misdiagnosis.
School eye exams
A comprehensive eye exam is required to be successful in school as a learning tool.
Since vision can change frequently during the school years, your child should have an eye exam every year, or if there are specific problems or risk factors or if recommended by your optometry doctor. Unfortunately, parents and educators often mistakenly think that if parents approve of school faculty, there is no vision problem. The most common vision problem in school-age children is blurred vision or myopia, blurred vision (farsightedness), and blurred vision or refractive error caused by blurring. However, a child who can see clearly and has 20/20 vision has a vision problem related to eye vision, eye tracking, and eye coordination. In fact, the focusing skills necessary for successful reading and learning are very complex.
The eye exam is not a complete test. Even if a child passes the eye exam, they must undergo a comprehensive eye exam.
Vision changes can happen without you or your child knowing it. If the vision problem is identified and treated earlier, the treatment will be successful. When necessary, the doctor can prescribe treatment to correct vision problems, including glasses, contact lenses, and/or vision therapy.
Sports vision and eye protection
Indoor and outdoor sports are an important and fun part of many children's lives. Whether it's playing ball in the yard or participating in team sports at school, the focus on how well the child is performing plays an important role.
Specific visual skills required for sports:
- Clear vision.
- Good deep understanding.
- A wide field of vision.
- Efficient hand-eye coordination.
A child who consistently demonstrates a particular skill in a sport, such as always hitting the leading edge of the edge in basketball or late puffing at a thrown ball in baseball, may have a vision problem. If visual skills are not adequate, children may continue to perform poorly. An eye exercise program called Vision Therapy, which corrects vision problems with glasses or contact lenses, corrects many vision problems, improves vision skills, and improves sports vision performance. Eye care should also be a major concern for all student-athletes, especially in high-risk sports. Every year thousands of children suffer sports-related eye injuries, and almost anything can be prevented by wearing proper protective glasses.
Prescription glasses or regular contact lenses are not a substitute for proper, well-fitting protective glasses. Athletes should wear appropriate sports glasses to protect their eyes while playing their particular sport. Your optometry doctor can recommend specific sports glasses to provide the required level of protection. In addition, many sports are played outdoors, so it is also important to protect the eyes of all children from damage caused by ultraviolet radiation from the sun by wearing UV protection grade sunglasses or transition lenses.
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